Hariyali Teej is celebrated in the fifth month of the Hindu calendar Shraavan and this year the festival is falling on August 13. The Teej that falls during the month of Shraavan is also known as Shravan Teej. As the name suggests, Hariyali Teej represents greenery due to the monsoon season. The festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati and her reunion with Lord Shiva. The festival is celebrated primarily by girls and woman. On this day, women sing, dance and conduct prayer rituals.
The famous legend of Mata Sati immolating herself and breathing her last; a shattered Mahadeva went into a deep meditation. Mata Sati reincarnated as Parvati and was born as Parvat Raj’s daughter, and the first word that she uttered was ‘Shiva.’ She only dreamt and wished to be married to Lord Shiva, but it was nearly impossible. Parvati left all materialistic leisure to live a life ascetic in a cave worshipping Shiva Lingam. Pleased by her complete devotion, Lord Shiva agreed to marry Goddess Parvati and hence the reunion was complete.
Haryali Teej celebration:
Women dress up in green clothes, wear bangles and put mehendi on their hands. In the evening, they conduct special puja and worship the moon with milk, flowers and curd. Religious songs and mantras are chanted on this day. In Rajasthan, Teej is celebrated on a larger scale on streets where songs and dance are performed. In Punjab, women gather and perform Gidda.
Hartalika Teej Vrat (Fasting Rules)
Hartalika Teej puja is celebrated to mark the joyous reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Goddess Parvati observed strict fast years to please Lord Shiva, and finally, in her 108 birth, Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as his consort. Fasting is an integral part of Hartalika Teej Puja with women keeping vrat called Nishivasar Nirjala Vrat. The women not only abstain from food but also do not drink a drop of water for the 24 hours till they break the fast next day. Married women keep fasts for happiness in the marital relationship and long life of their husband. The unmarried ones observe the Hartalika fast to get a husband like Lord Shiva.
Hartalika Teej Puja Vidhi
The auspicious timings of Hartalika Teej Puja are in the morning which means the women get up early to take a holy bath, intended to purify their souls. Dressing up in new clothes and adorning is an important part of the festival as women wear elegant traditional attires, mostly sarees. In Maharashtra, women wear green clothes, green bangles, golden bindis and kajal along with applying henna (mehandi) on their hands. They visit temples to pray Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati who is also called Teej Mata while observing Nirjala fast. Upon returning from temples, they touch their husbands’ feet.
In the evening, the women retake a bath before the sunset and dress up as a newly-wed bride. They make idols of Shiva and Parvati out of clay or sand for performing Hartalika Teej Puja. Bilwa leaves, flowers, incense sticks and lighting diya are offered to Gods. They hear Hartalika Teej Vrat Katha in Hindi which narrates the famous Hindu legend of Lord Shiva reminding Parvati being incarnated as Goddess Shailaputri, the daughter of Himalaya. Hartalika Teej Vrat is completed with the break of fast and worshipping rituals the next day morning. The devotees recite mantras like Shanti Mantra and Shama Mantra to conclude Haryali Teej.
Haryali Teej Timings:
Haryali Teej is celebrated on the third day of the bright half of the North Indian Lunar month of Shraavana month. According to Drikpanchang, Hariyali Teej Puja 2017 muhurut timings – Tritiya Tithi Begins = 08:36 am on August 13 and Tritiya Tithi Ends = 05:45 am on August 13. It is celebrated with much fervour among women from North Indian states, especially in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.